Good morning. The protests continued until late at night without destroying the past few days. George W. Bush praised the demonstrators. Let us first consider how mass incarceration shaped the lives of black Americans.
Most white Americans rarely interact with the police and are often respectful or even friendly. Many whites do not know a single person who is currently behind bars.
In many black communities – and especially black men – the situation is completely different. Some of the statistics can be difficult to figure out:
The detention rates for black men are about twice as high as for Hispanic men, five times higher than for white men and at least 25 times higher than that of black women, Hispanic women or white women.
When the government last counted how many black men had ever spent time in state or federal prison – in 2001 – the percentage was 17 percent. Today it is likely to be closer to 20 percent (and that number does not include people who have spent time in prison without being sentenced to prison). The comparable figure for white men is around 3 percent.
The rise in mass detention in the past half century has made detention a dominant feature of modern life for black Americans. A large number of black men are missing in their communities – they cannot marry, look after children, or see their aging parents. Many others suffer permanent economic or psychological damage and have difficulty finding work after leaving the prison.
A recent study by economists Patrick Bayer and Kerwin Kofi Charles found that 27 percent of black men in their prime working years – between 25 and 54 years old – did not report a single dollar income in 2014. “That’s an enormous number,” said Charles, the dean of the Yale School of Management. Detention, including after-effects, was a major reason.
The rage that swept America’s streets last week has many causes, starting with a gruesome video that shows the murder of George Floyd in Minneapolis. But this anger has built up a long time ago. It is partly anger that detention has become normal.
An explanatory podcast: How did the mass incarceration happen? “Justice in America” - moderated by Josie Duffy Rice from The Appeal – tries to answer the question. The Times Caity Weaver recommends starting the first episode on bail. “I’m learning so much from this damn podcast,” Caity tweeted yesterday.
FOUR GREATER STORIES
1. Less violence on Tuesday evening
The extent of violence, fires and looting is last night compared to the chaos of the past Nights declined. Instead, peaceful protesters brave curfews in many cities and remain on the streets late into the night to protest police violence.
Other protest developments:
Minneapolis police have used at least seven times as much violence against blacks as white people in the past five years.
In his first speech outside his home since Joe Biden, President Trump’s language was compared to that of the southern racists of the 1960s. “We cannot allow our anger to consume us,” said Biden.
Former President George W. Bush praised peaceful demonstrators. He said that he and his wife Laura “were tormented by the brutal suffocation of George Floyd and troubled by the injustice and fear that are suffocating our country.”
2. Fears of “Autocracy”
Attorney General William Barr gave the order on Monday evening to clear the square opposite the White House, The Times explains in a story, which reconstructs the incident. The order prompted law enforcement officers to use smoke and lightning grenades to disperse peaceful demonstrators so Trump could appear in a church for a photo opportunity.
Former military leaders and democracy experts condemned the use of violence against citizens. The retired adm. Mike Mullen wrote in The Atlantic that Trump “has shown contempt for the rights of peaceful protest in this country.” Kori Schake, a former Pentagon official and Republican political advisor, said: “If we saw this in another country, we would be deeply concerned.” Gail Helt, a former C.I.A. The analyst told the Washington Post, “This is what autocrats do. This happens in countries before a collapse. It really annoys me. “
3rd Vote in a Shaken Country
People in eight states and in Washington, DC, yesterday cast ballots in exceptional circumstances, and it seemed to go more smoothly than some feared. “If Tuesday’s area code was a test for November by email, polling officers have reason to be encouraged: a few bumps but no major disasters,” said Stephanie Saul, a Times reporter.
Among the results:
Steve King, who has represented a district at Iowa House for nine terms and has made racist comments in the past, lost his offer to be re-nominated .
Theresa Greenfield, a real estate manager supported by the Democratic Party establishment, won the Iowa Democratic Senate area code. She will compete against Republican incumbent Joni Ernst
Ella Jones became the first African American and the first woman to be elected Mayor of Ferguson, Missouri, Black Lives Matter Movement.
The latest election results can be found here.
4. Zuckerberg defends his approach
In a tense company meeting, Facebook C.E.O. Mark Zuckerberg stood by his decision not to remove or label Trump’s inflammatory contributions.
Some Facebook employees are openly outraged by politics. “Mark has always told us that he would draw the line on a speech that calls for violence,” an engineer said in a letter of resignation this week. “He showed us on Friday that this was a lie.”
Here’s What Happens
A Times’ investigation explains how the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has its response to the coronavirus fumbled and left the country at the beginning of the crisis without adequate tests. Here are five insights from the coverage:
The Republicans said they would move Trump’s congressional speech after a standoff with democratic officials in North Carolina over virus restrictions from Charlotte.
The College Board postpones plans for an online version of the SAT due to technological challenges, which further complicates the application process for students stuck at home.
Living life: Elsa Dorfman used a 200-pound Polaroid camera to create her own photographic art that instantly produced huge, natural-looking portraits of celebrities and everyday people – even if Polaroid was outperformed by technology, it quickly went out of business. She died on May 30 at the age of 83.
BACK STORY: WHAT SCIENTISTS REALLY THINK
“Many people read scientific articles for the first time these days in the hope of the corona virus -Understand the pandemic, ”writes Carl Zimmer in his latest column on matter. Unfortunately, many scientific papers are difficult to read. They are full of technical language and are not intended for a general audience.
However, when Carl calls scientists, he often finds that they can tell an exciting, clear story about their research. Of course, most people won’t call scientists – but there is still a good alternative to trying to do academic research: follow the scientists on social media.
“Leading epidemiologists and virologists have posted thoughtful topics on Twitter,” writes Carl, “and explains why they think new newspapers are good or bad. “I asked Carl for a list of scientists to follow, and he sent me 19 names. These include the virologists Florian Krammer and Angela Rasmussen, the epidemiologists Marc Lipsitch and Caitlin Rivers and the immunologist Akiko Iwasaki.
I made a list of all 19 on Twitter. And if you have ideas for other scientists you can follow on social media, email firstname.lastname@example.org with “virus scientists” in the field.
PLAY, WATCH, EAT, ROAST
Nightmares in the Kitchen: Home Edition
Not everyone uses extra time at home to start a leaven cultivate. Food author Priya Krishna has documented how the need has forced young home cooks to face their greatest fear: using their kitchen. The result is a lot of blackened pots, smoke-filled apartments and frozen pizza disasters – but also some victories like fried eggs and a decent carbonara.
Even for the most unfortunate cooks: Make this roast chicken. It requires salt, pepper, olive oil and a whole bird.
N.B.A. takes Disney World
The N.B.A. is in talks to continue its pandemic-shortened season by hosting the league at Walt Disney World in Florida. Players would live in Disney hotels and all games would take place in the nearby ESPN Wide World of Sports complex.
Why Disney World? Well, it doesn’t hurt that the ESPN facility is already wired to broadcast games on its network – and that Disney, the parent company, the N.B.A. more than $ 1 billion a year for the right to broadcast them.
Brushing Up History
Three years ago, Ibram X. Kendi, a National Book Award-winning author and professor, has a history of race and racism in America through 24 books for The Times Book Review compiled. He highlighted influential works on the black experience for every decade of the nation’s existence, including the poems of Phillis Wheatley and Toni Morrison’s Pulitzer-winning novel “Beloved”.
Together he writes: The books “tell the story of racism against blacks in the United States as painfully, eloquently and disturbingly as words. In many ways, they also tell the present. “You can go back to the list here.
Here is today’s mini crossword puzzle and a clue: B on the periodic table (five letters).
Here you will find all of our puzzles.
Thank you for spending part of your morning with The Times. Until tomorrow. – David
P.S. The word “coronavirologists” first appeared in The Times yesterday, as the Twitter bot @NYT_first_said found.
You can find today’s printed title page here.
Today’s episode of “The Daily” includes an interview with Mayor Jacob Frey of Minneapolis
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Ian Prasad Philbrick and Sanam Yar contributed to The Morning by contacting email@example.com.