The US is using this year's World Climate Summit to make sure it never has to pay for the damage that climate change inflicts on poorer countries, according to participants in the ongoing Madrid meeting.
The Madrid Meeting, the 25th United Nations Climate Change Conference (COP25), is about updating the Paris Climate Agreement of 2015, in which countries have agreed to reduce their greenhouse gas emissions so that the Earth does not heated to more than 2 degrees Celsius. President Donald Trump has recently launched the year-long withdrawal from the Paris Agreement, which will close on 4 November 2020.
The US is reportedly attempting to explode one of the top priorities by which the world's poorest nations work at the meeting: a mechanism for developing countries affected by climate change, by the rich nations, the largest Emissions of greenhouse gases have caused a claim for compensation.
"The US is using its last chance to cover its ass," said Taylor Billings, press officer for Corporate Accountability, an NGO that works against companies that threaten health and the environment. "The US is trying to protect themselves, other polluting countries, and possibly even the resident companies from having to pay for the losses and damages they cause. "
BuzzFeed News received a draft proposal for climate change liability that Several NGO sources confirmed that the US is in circulation, suggesting ways to limit the impact of the Warsaw International Mechanism for Loss and Damage (WIM), and launched the WIM to investigate what climate change is Although developing countries have managed to include "losses and damage" in the Paris Agreement, d The rich countries have a provision to ensure that their work can not serve as a "basis for liability or compensation" in the future.
This document asks COP25 to reiterate that the rich nations are protected from claims for damages. It is also suggested that the US should remain entitled to sit on the WIM governing body, even after the country's exit from the Paris Agreement in 2020 is completed.
The frustration boiled on Wednesday, 10 days after the summit began, when some 200 activists stormed the meeting with calls for "climate justice". They were led by indigenous peoples and student activists with the "Friday for the Future" movement launched by the Swedish teenage Greta Thunberg, which has organized global climate attacks. The demonstrators also included representatives of several large NGOs accredited as observers of the summit. Because of their participation in the protests on Wednesday, some observers have been told that they may not be allowed to attend meetings for the remainder of the summit.
Harjeet Singh from the ActionAid group was one of the NGO observers who participated in the protest. He told BuzzFeed News that developing countries had come to COP25 to "expect something very concrete to happen about helping people exposed to climate change". "
According to Singh and other activists who watched the negotiations, the US has been identified as the main obstacle for poorer countries.
especially in the US should ensure that we get nothing, "said Alpha Oumar Kaloga, a Guinean diplomat sitting on the WIM Executive Committee. "Other rich countries – the EU, Norway, New Zealand, Australia and Canada – have to stand out from the US. It is unacceptable to hide behind this climate criminal.
The US State Department did not respond to the request for comment from Buzzfeed News.
The US has been aggressively opposed to any kind of climate compensation for years under Democratic and Republican administration. This opposition has in the past been shared by other wealthy polluters such as Australia and EU Member States.
The battle for compensation during the COP 2013 became so fierce that a coalition of 132 poorer countries retired from protest negotiations. Wealthy nations agreed that they would together contribute $ 100 billion a year from 2020 to a fund that helps poorer countries adapt to climate change. From 2019, however, the contributions amounted to only 9.8 billion US dollars and were no longer from the United States.
The issue of compensation is not the only contentious issue in this year's session. One of the key tasks of the negotiators is to lay down rules for emissions trading. So far, however, they have failed to create a framework that environmentalists are confident will actually lead to a reduction in CO2 emissions.
It was clear At the beginning of this year's meeting, it was clear that the world must go much further than agreed in the Paris Agreement of 2015 – greenhouse gas emissions have continued to rise since ratification. The UN warned shortly before this year's summit that the earth has already warmed above 1.1 degrees Celsius and greenhouse gas emissions for the next decade would have to be reduced by more than 7.5 percent each year if the world has hope of warming below 2 Hold degrees.
Here is the full text of the proposal's draft, according to NGO sources circulating the US to block claims for damages:
The Decision Package If the WIM, in addition to serving the COP of the COP, may have the following components:
Serves both the CNA and the COP as a single constituent organ with a single agenda according to past COP decisions / Paris Agreement
The Agreement in Section 51 of 1 / CP.21 on Liability and Indemnification applies to WIM's work in the service of the CMA and the COP
All Contracting Parties to the Conventio n (including those who are not Contracting Parties to Paris) may participate in a single annual report by Excom to COP, jointly discussed by SBI and SBSTA and the CMA participate in Excom
- joint contact group.